Learn To Speak Mandarin Chinese For Beginners

Learn To Speak Mandarin Chinese For Beginners

Hello and Welcome to another lesson

 

To another dose of Chris’s Class on ”Working”  Mandarin Chinese

Chinese mandarin ”PUTONGHUA”   > expressed as PU TONG HUA

Following on from my last introduction to Chinese basic usage for travellers street use.

the purpose of this simple approach is to offer the understanding of tones

Do you remember the 4 tones?

Let’s Dive in on them below

Pinyin uses either numbers or tone marks to indicate the tones. Here is the word ‘ma’ with numbers and then tone marks:

    • 1st tone: ma1 or mā  [Numbers after the Pinyin (ma1) represents the tonal sounds ]
    • 2nd tone: ma2 or 
    • 3rd tone: ma3 or 
    • 4th tone: ma4 or 

4 tones graph

 

Travel basics lesson:2 

[Frequently used Phrases}

one of many entrance Wutong Mountain

Wutong Mountain Entrance

 

go to  > zhuǎn dào    ……….wo yao [i want] to go to [zhuan dao]  toilet [ce suo]

where is >  zài nǎ li

toilet/wc >  cè suǒ      ………….[zai na]  where is  the toilet  [ce suo]

Bank >  yín háng       ………….zai na le  [ yin yang] where is then bank

Buy > mǎi       ….     ………..    [wo yao] mai de [bing qi ling]  [ice-cream]

Doctor > yī shēng                . zai na le  ………where is  the doctor

Dentist > yá yī                       zai na le.  ………where is the dentist

Hospital  >  yī yuàn                zai nal le ………where is the hospital

Sorry     > Dui Bu Qi,

nǐ shì    >   you are

bu zhi dao  > dont understand

zài jiàn >     goodbye

Speaking Exercise:

In Mandarin there is no specific words for saying “yes” and “no.” but Instead, the verb which is used in the Mandarin question is used to make a positive or negative reply.

conversion chart

ABC learn fruit chart

 

For Example The Question:

Do you like rice?    Nǐ3 xǐ huan3 fàn4 ma?

The answer would be:

I like.                     ni xi huan
or
I don’t like.            wo bu xi huan

Mandarin Questions and Answers

Q: Nǐ yǒu bǐ ma?
Do you have a pen?

A: Méi yǒu.
No (don’t have).

Q: Nǐ yào bú yào mǎi?
Do you want to buy (it)?

A: Yào.
Yes (want).

Q: Jīntiān shì xīng qī yī ma?
Is today Monday?

A: Shì.
Yes (is)

 

Note:

Chinese ”Putonghua” is the language of instruction in Chinese school system, and as recent as 2014, approx 30% of the Chinese population do not speak Putonghua.
Those not speaking  Putonghua typically live in rural areas and belong to an ethnic minority group of the older generation Chinese
Exercise for you: how to say or write:
  •  I like ice-cream
  • You are a Doctor
  • I don’t understand

 

This Approach

Is to GUIDE you into the basic Language gently, so attempt is to keep it simple and useful.

  • MORE LESSON <HERE>

 

HAVE YOUR SAY 

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  • Did it answer Questions or leave you wanting?

 

 

Chris

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